ERT field data with topography#

Simple example of data measured over a slagdump demonstrating:

  • 2D inversion with topography

  • geometric factor generation

  • topography effect

import pygimli as pg
from pygimli.physics import ert

Get some example data with topography, typically by a call like data = ert.load(“filename.dat”) that supports various file formats

data = pg.getExampleFile('ert/slagdump.ohm', load=True, verbose=True)
print(data)
[:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 100% ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::] 5435 of 5435 complete
md5: f27293809709e8fdc89bfb0a55e6e1ec
Data: Sensors: 38 data: 222, nonzero entries: ['a', 'b', 'm', 'n', 'r', 'valid']

The data file does not contain geometric factors (token field ‘k’), so we create them based on the given topography.

data['k'] = ert.createGeometricFactors(data, numerical=True)

We initialize the ERTManager for further steps and eventually inversion.

mgr = ert.ERTManager(sr=False)

It might be interesting to see the topography effect, i.e the ratio between the numerically computed geometry factor and the analytical formula

k0 = ert.createGeometricFactors(data)
ert.showData(data, vals=k0/data['k'], label='Topography effect')
plot 02 ert field data
(<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x7fe8f582ab50>, <matplotlib.colorbar.Colorbar object at 0x7fe8da959160>)

The data container has no apparent resistivities (token field ‘rhoa’) yet. We can let the Manager fix this later for us (as we now have the ‘k’ field), or we do it manually.

mgr.checkData(data)
print(data)
Data: Sensors: 38 data: 222, nonzero entries: ['a', 'b', 'k', 'm', 'n', 'r', 'rhoa', 'valid']

The data container does not necessarily contain data errors data errors (token field ‘err’), requiring us to enter data errors. We can let the manager guess some defaults for us automaticly or set them manually

data['err'] = ert.estimateError(data, absoluteUError=5e-5, relativeError=0.03)
# or manually:
# data['err'] = data_errors  # somehow
ert.show(data, data['err']*100)
plot 02 ert field data
(<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x7fe8f57cf400>, <matplotlib.colorbar.Colorbar object at 0x7fe8fa4a7520>)

Now the data have all necessary fields (‘rhoa’, ‘err’ and ‘k’) so we can run the inversion. The inversion mesh will be created with some optional values for the parametric mesh generation.

mod = mgr.invert(data, lam=10, verbose=True,
                 paraDX=0.3, paraMaxCellSize=10, paraDepth=20, quality=33.6)

mgr.showResult()
plot 02 ert field data
fop: <pygimli.physics.ert.ertModelling.ERTModelling object at 0x7fe8ab084680>
Data transformation: <pygimli.core._pygimli_.RTransLogLU object at 0x7fe8ab084950>
Model transformation: <pygimli.core._pygimli_.RTransLog object at 0x7fe8ab084630>
min/max (data): 6.07/33.48
min/max (error): 3.02%/4.11%
min/max (start model): 10.65/10.65
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
inv.iter 2 ... chi² = 1.58 (dPhi = 80.44%) lam: 10
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
inv.iter 3 ... chi² = 1.01 (dPhi = 11.83%) lam: 10.0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
inv.iter 4 ... chi² = 0.98 (dPhi = 0.53%) lam: 10.0


################################################################################
#                  Abort criterion reached: chi² <= 1 (0.98)                   #
################################################################################

(<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x7fe8fa7d0af0>, <matplotlib.colorbar.Colorbar object at 0x7fe8aafebe50>)

We can view the resulting model in the usual way.

mgr.showResultAndFit()
# np.testing.assert_approx_equal(ert.inv.chi2(), 1.10883, significant=3)
plot 02 ert field data
<Figure size 1100x600 with 6 Axes>

Or just plot the model only using your own options.

mgr.showResult(mod, cMin=5, cMax=30, cMap="Spectral_r", logScale=True)
plot 02 ert field data
(<matplotlib.axes._subplots.AxesSubplot object at 0x7fe8aabeed90>, <matplotlib.colorbar.Colorbar object at 0x7fe8aaca9610>)

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